Oregano-scented and caraway thymes are the hardiest of the four, thriving in areas where winter lows drop to the single digits. Noteworthy Characteristics. The plant was introduced over time in many parts of the world and cultivated there … Start indoors or out, as weather permits. Thymus herba-barona (Caraway thyme) will reach a height of 0.1m and a spread of 0.2m after 5-10 years. MORE. One is caraway thyme, Thymus herba-barona. Many gardeners can also plant thyme in the early fall, as long as the plants have three or four weeks before the first frost to become established. When you’re ready to enjoy them, simply wash, peel, and cook. Caraway Thyme. When growing a biennial, sow a new crop each year, to maintain a continuous supply of fruit. , Demography, population structure and dynamics of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thymus_herba-barona&oldid=825667015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 February 2018, at 18:07. With caraway, your first harvest may be a few tender young leaves to nibble out of hand or add to a refreshing salad. This is called “self-sowing.”. Its seed has a bitter, peppery taste. A biennial, caraway is easy to grow once established and can be sown in either the spring or fall for harvest the following year. The best soil is sandy loam, rich in organic matter, that drains well. Product photo via True Leaf Market. Promote germination with even moisture. If you visit a local nursery or garden center, or you attend a sale operated by local horticulturists, you may find a seedling among the herbs on offer. Other soil types may be tolerated, provided they are amended with compost to enrich them. They are principally grown for the fine texture of the leaves as they spread out to softly blanket the ground, but they also produce flowers of various colors, depending on type. Maintenance. Plant Specifications Thymus Herba-Barona. One is caraway thyme, Thymus herba-barona. na. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. What makes thyme such a great plant is that it doesn’t demand much, especially once … The plant was favoured in England as a seasoning for barons of beef; this inspired its scientific name. Be sure to use biodegradable starter pots for easy transferal to the ground, as the tap root is very fragile. Thyme dies down in the winter, if frosty, but a good layer of mulch round the plant will protect the roots and provide enough food to keep it growing. The foliage has a strong aroma of caraway. Also known as meridian fennel and Persian cumin, the use of caraway in culinary and medicinal applications dates to ancient times in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Numerous, thin, somewhat woody stems form a low-growing mat no more than 2 to 3 inches tall. It can be used in cuisine or as an evergreen ground cover plant for the garden. Thymus pseudolanuginosus(woolly thyme) is not a culinary herb, but is grown as a ground cover. Fall germination is recommended. When you see root formation, carefully transfer it to the garden. Discard any that become soft or deteriorate in any way during storage. Culinary hints - cooking and eating Thyme Common, lemon, orange and caraway thyme are used in cooking. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. In warm regions, where caraway grows as an annual, you may sow seed outdoors in autumn, for a crop the following spring. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Botanical name. Thymus herba-barona, commonly called caraway thyme, is a creeping, woody based perennial which is used as an ornamental ground cover and/or as a culinary herb. Here is more about what we do. Pretty rose-purple flowers in summer that are also attractive to bees and other pollinators. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. You’ll find helpful information on getting your plants to flourish in the garden, as well as pro tips for success in the kitchen. Depending upon your climate, they may keep for weeks or months. C. carvi grows in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 to 10. For each method, sow seed to a depth of 1/4 inch. 3cm, spread 60cm. When you shop for seed to sow, be aware of two unrelated species with similar names. Read our complete guide for tips and tricks in warding off pests and diseases that affect caraway plants. Here’s how to make the most of all parts of the C. carvi herb when you feature it in your garden: Pick tender young leaves just prior to use. It is cultivated in gardens across the world. Interplanting also helps to keep weeds down, and makes productive use of the “fallow” garden space you have with biennials that don’t produce in the first year. Silver Posie is a common thyme cultivar with silver-edged leaves. Caraway may sometimes be confused with Caraway Thyme, so check that your selected plant has the scientific name Carum carvi. With reddish stems and pretty pink flowers, this is an attractive variety that is both culinary and ornamental. Thyme, Caraway – Thymus, herba barona Thyme, Caraway – Thymus, herba barona has dark green small leaves which have a caraway scent. As a legume, peas function as “nitrogen fixer,” adding essential nitrogen to the soil if you plow them under at season’s end. Provide a nutrient boost with a side-dressing of organic matter midway through the growing season. Zone. In the Garden Like most thymes, it prefers well-drained sandy or rocky soil and at least a half day of good sunlight. Use the leaves in Beet and Lettuce Salad with Green Onion Vinaigrette for an especially tangy bite with the zing of cayenne and sweetness of maple syrup. Variety. At this time, you may harvest both seed and the roots beneath the soil. Shop Herbs & Plants / Thyme Caraway Thyme Caraway. Plant caraway in the spring or autumn in warm climates. And if you’re an aromatherapy aficionado, you may want to try your hand at oil extraction, a process that is beyond the scope of this guide. It’s in the mint, or Lamiaceae family, and its leaves taste like caraway. When watering, be sure to aim your hose or watering can at the roots, not the leaves. Serve it warm to fully appreciate the interplay of pungent seed, salty bacon, and subtle vinaigrette. And cultivating edibles is a sound use of garden space in that it not only puts food on the table, but also contributes to a healthy backyard habitat for pollinators. The caraway plant (Carum carvi) is an herbaceous biennial that will mature to 30 inches tall. With wit and hopefully some wisdom, she shares what she’s learned and is always ready to dig into a new project! what does it taste like? Diseases include: aster yellows, damping off, phoma blight, and powdery mildew. Ground cover. Water. Source: Ann McCarron. Each of these methods results in roots and foliage in the first year, and foliage, flowers, and seed in the second. print shopping list. in 1-ounce, 4-ounce, 1-pound, 5-pound packages, Read our complete guide for tips and tricks, You can read more about harvest techniques here, a healthy dose of calcium, potassium, and vitamin A, Beet and Lettuce Salad with Green Onion Vinaigrette, a healthy backyard habitat for pollinators, Grow Faassen’s Catmint for Durable Summer Color, How to Grow and Care for Summer Snapdragon Flowers, 13 Hardy Yarrow Cultivars to Turn Barren Spaces into Beautiful Areas of the Garden, Grow Evening Primrose for Late-Day Beauty, Guide to Growing Heirloom Fruits and Vegetables with 11 of Our Favorite Varieties, Make Raking Leaves a Breeze: 7 of the Best Leaf Rakes Reviewed, Growing Hostas: A Favorite Shade Loving Perennial, Long taproot for some drought tolerance, frost tolerant, Sandy, organically-rich; tolerates other soils enriched with compost, Blooms/sets fruit in late summer of 2nd yr. as a biennial planted in spring in temperate zones, blooms/sets fruit the following spring as an annual planted in autumn in warmer regions, Keep moist until established, then moderate; keep leaves dry, Carrot rust fly, grasshopper, leaf hopper, parsley worm, aster yellows, damping off, Phoma blight, powdery mildew. Amount Price Stock Quantity; 1 x 9cm Potted Plant £ 3.00: Out of stock* Discount is automatically applied when buying multiples of the same sized potted plant variety or seed variety: 5% discount for 3 to 9 20% discount for 10 to 19 30% discount for 20 or more. Caraway thyme grows best in average soil with light watering and full sunlight. Do not store it in the fridge or freezer, as moisture may foster mold formation. However, there is one named cultivar you may come across, called ‘Arterner.’ It’s known for producing an abundant crop with an exceptional flavor and oil content. French thyme is the least hardy. The flowers usually appear late spring and early summer. And finally, at season’s end in year two, use the roots to good advantage in Roasted Root Veggies, for a hearty helping of sweet and nutty harvest goodness. You are more likely to find seed geared to your climate zone. Hardy Perennial. See our TOS for more details. Thyme originates from the Mediterranean countries in the south of Europe. Once established, provide a moderate amount of water. Do you love to grow your own herbs and spices to provide you with unique flavors for recipes and food creations? Caraway is a sound garden investment. Thymus herba-barona. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. When planted in late fall, it flowers and sets fruit the following spring. The origins of the scientific name are not clear. I have not grown caraway for the purpose of consuming the roots. The plant is therefore often found in southern France, Italy and Spain. You can read more about harvest techniques here. This is a low-profile herb that’s often used as a ground cover. Get out your garden planner and add a new item to this year’s list: Caraway – the entirely edible herb, with a fruit called a seed, that we eat as a spice! Thyme has many uses, from adding flavor to cooking, antiseptic, preservative to perfume. In this guide, you’ll learn how to grow and care for this beautiful and tasty spice. It is low growing and spreading in habit with leaves that have a strong caraway aroma. Caraway thyme is difficult to grow from seed, so it is usually purchased as young plants 5–10 cm high, in small pots. Wooly thyme may reach … Each plant grows to 6 inches tall and spreads 1 foot. In warmer regions, you may raise C. carvi as an annual. This thyme’s beautiful trailing stems and delicate lavender flowers are lovely planted in between rocks, stones and along pathways. Visit our sister site, Foodal, for delicious recipes that make use of every part of this nutritious herb. At season’s end, the florets wither, giving way to the fruit we refer to as seed.  A study undertaken to compare the essential oil with similar oils from two other members of the genus found that all three had similar antimicrobial activities against gram-positive bacteria and against mycetes as compared to the well known antiseptic chlorhexidine gluconate. Caraway seed adds a healthy dose of calcium, potassium, and vitamin A to foods. Once established, you won’t need to water your thyme plants. You may apply a slow-acting, all-purpose, balanced product at the beginning of the growing season. Aromatic herbs are a pleasure to have in the garden, and they ask little in return for their flavorful bounty. Here’s the lineup: Caraway, Carum carvi, is a member of the Apiaceae, or Umbelliferae family that includes celery, carrot, parsnips, fennel, parsley, and other fragrant flowering plants. Weekly during dry spells. Potted foliage dries out faster than in-ground plants. Here it grows on barren and stony ground under dry-hot climatic conditions. Its flavor is distinctly pungent, with anise and licorice undertones, and has become synonymous with classic rye bread. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. Add diversity to your herb garden by planting caraway seeds. Hardy evergreen shrub, Ht. As for fertilizer, a soil test will alert you to nutrient deficiencies in your garden. Now that you’re on your way to producing your first crop, here are six pro tips to keep in mind: When shopping for C. carvi seed to sow, you are most likely to find generic varieties. Bloom Color. The flowers are pink with four petals and a prominent lower lip. Certified organic Ground Cover Thymes for sale at Mountain Valley Growers Thymus herba-barona is a species of thyme native to Corsica, Sardinia, and Majorca. Both pink and red creeping thyme also stay short, reaching heights of 4-inches or less. Consider companion planting with vegetables, especially peas. Sun. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. It grows best in loose sandy or rocky soils with good drainage. Fill it with potting soil and sow seed. © Ask the Experts, LLC. C. carvi is a self-fertile herb, so it’s only necessary to have one plant to produce a fruit crop. The foliage does smell like caraway seed when crushed, and it can be used as a caraway substitute in some recipes. If you plan to cultivate in a container, rather than the garden, select one with adequate drainage holes. Water in the morning or evening, aim at the roots, and avoid getting water on the leaves, to inhibit fungus and prevent leaf scorch. If it is not harvested, the seed falls and remains dormant until it germinates the following spring. Height. Some pests to watch for are: carrot rust flies, grasshoppers, leafhoppers, and parsley catepillars. 2-5" (5-13 cm) Habit. Grow thyme from seed, vegetative cuttings, or garden … Weed diligently to prevent competition for water, and to avoid creating a breeding ground for insect pests and disease. The plant itself is evergreen and reasonably low growing. USDA Zone 5 (-20°F) to USDA Zone 9 (20°F). Another is black caraway, Nigella sativa, in the Ranunculaceae family that includes buttercups, clematis, and columbine. It not only provides you with delicious, aromatic seed, it contributes to the biological control of undesirable insects, which is a key component of integrated pest management systems. Nom commun: Thym cumin, Thym corse, Caraway thyme Feuillage vert foncé, persistant, fortement aromatique (senteur: touche de cumin). Seed stays fresh and flavorful for up to four years when stored in an airtight glass jar in a cool, dark, dry location. Doone Valley Thyme is one of our favorite ground cover thymes but again it is a bit taller at about four inches with flowers. Here’s what you need to know: Have your soil tested if necessary, to ensure it’s between 6.0 and 7.5, or nearly neutral. By the second year, plants exhibit fair drought tolerance. An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she’s always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. It dries to become the recognizable seed of which we are so fond, and the foliage withers and dies. This is usually 2 to 3 weeks before the last spring frost in well-drained soil about 9 inches apart. Caraway is often grown for its thin, crescent-shaped seeds but all parts of the caraway plant are edible—leaves, stems, seeds, and roots. When growing caraway from seed, it is common to sow caraway seeds in the same drills as coriander during May or early June. It is a creeping thyme with preference for free-draining loose rocky soils, reflecting the windswept island landscapes it comes from. C. carvi is an aromatic member of the Umbelliferae family that attracts beneficial insects like bees and hoverflies to its blossoms, helping to control insect pests such as aphids and caterpillars. It is not frost tender. Bloom Time. Thymus vulgaris, more popularly known as thyme, is a low-growing, highly aromatic herb that originated from the Mediterranean. Good with Roast Beef. Caraway Thyme is the only culinary Ground Cover Thyme in the bunch. Please seek professional advice before commencing any … The plants should grow 6 to 12 inches in height. If you’re planting in the spring, put the seeds in the ground as soon as you can work the soil. Thymus herba-barona (Caraway Thyme) Herb Plant Caraway Thyme is so called as it's foliage is caraway-scented, it reaches a height of 15 cm and with its small green leaves and rose pink flowers, this is again a great thyme for a path. One plant will produce approximately 5 Tbs. (herba barona) Caraway thyme is a creeping, woody member of the thyme family — a perennial often used as an ornamental ground cover and as a culinary herb. Try growing your own caraway! Thymus praecox(mother of thyme, wild thyme), is cultivated as an ornamental. Height: 2” – 4” Width: up to 14.” Tiny pointed leaves on characteristically red stems that spread out creeping runners with a pleasant caraway scent. Genus: Thymus. Select seed packed for the current year for optimal results. Spicy orange thyme, creeping lemon thyme and caraway thyme all bear pink blooms and stay short (4 inches or less). Plants are evergreen in mild winter climates. Caraway Thyme is a pretty rampant grower and should be used where space is not an issue. It blooms mid spring and is nice when planted with a swath of a later blooming thyme like Coconut Thyme. Summer . Caraway thyme is a creeping, woody-based perennial, growing to 10 to 25 cm (4 to 10 in) high and spreading out across the ground to a width of 30 cm (12 in). The plant is only about 8 inches tall in the first season with carrot-like foliage and a long taproot. Planting Thyme. share link × Copy the following link to share this plant: About. To cultivate this herb in your garden, you’ll need to begin in one of three ways: Sprouting seed is the best and most common way to begin. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. Caraway thyme is difficult to grow from seed, so it is usually purchased as young plants 5–10 cm high, in small pots. This is the most challenging way to start. It looks beautiful along pathways and has a fresh scent. Thymus herba-barona. Keep weed-free . In the first year, it produces roots and foliage, and dies to the ground at season’s end. - 1 Caraway Thyme Herb Plant in a 50 X 75mm tube - General growing instructions All of our Herb Plants are grown organically with certified organic potting mixes and fertilizers All information provided on this website is for informational purposes only. Learn how to grow caraway in minutes. Plant cuttings or young thyme plants any time after the ground temperature reaches 70°F. Here are several you are sure to enjoy: In Bavarian Cabbage Salad with Bacon, the fruit of C. carvi is featured to perfection. Numerous, thin, somewhat woody stems form a prostrate mat (2-3" tall). Caraway Thyme is a culinary herb in the mint family brought to this country from southern Europe. Port: étalé à longues tiges rampantes. Encouraging good air flow inhibits fungus. Caraway thyme grows best in average soil with light watering and full sunlight. Thymus herba-barona(caraway thyme) is used both as a culinary herb and a ground cover, and has a very strong carawayscent due to the chemical carvone. For large gardens, consider drip irrigation. The plant was favoured in England as a seasoning for barons of beef; this inspired its scientific name. Lavender Thyme will spread like a ground cover but it does get taller and is more suitable for areas that need cover but don't get walked on too much. Seed packets provide valuable information like days to germination and mature dimensions. Another is black caraway, Nigella sativa, in the Ranunculaceae family that includes buttercups, clematis, and columbine. Jekkapedia: Thymus herba-barona, Caraway Scented Thyme. Its tiny gray-green leaves remain evergreen, and most thyme varieties can even be harvested in winter in the zones where it is a … In fact, Caraway Thyme is the only culinary ground cover time in the bunch. Use all-purpose. Light. have you ever grown caraway for the root. Please tell us about your herb gardening experiences in the comments section below. Caraway is a biennial plant which means that it only blooms after the second year and then dies. It is cultivated in gardens across the world. Let’s find out how to cultivate this aromatic addition to the garden! Thymus herba-barona is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a slow rate. If you like the taste of caraway, you’re going to absolutely love growing your own. Transfer seedlings outdoors during the early morning or late evening hours to avoid direct sunlight that may burn tender shoots and leaves. However, the occasional pest may visit, spreading disease as it feeds. Purple . Young thyme plants are widely available to buy in garden centres and nurseries, so it’s best to plant these, instead. of seed. Thin seedlings out, selecting the sturdiest, and leave at least 12 inches between each. Thyme thrives in almost drought conditions with minimal soil nutrients, so it won’t grow happily alongside other herbs in a mixed container. Dig roots at the end of season two, brush the dirt off, and store them like potatoes, in a cool, dry location. Caraway Thyme: Plant Type: Evergreen: Leaf Type: Broadleaf: Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8 Determine Your Zone: Height: Under 1 foot: Spread: to 1 foot: Bloom time: Summer: Flower color: Pink: Light Exposure: Sun: Drainage: Well drained, Dry: Water Requirement: Low: Maintenance Level: Low: Comments: This evergreen, drought tolerant herb with fragrant leaves should be gown in full sun. The coriander matures faster and can be harvested before the caraway throws up a flowering stem. You may start seeds indoors or sow it directly in the garden. It is also sometimes known by the common name caraway thyme, as it has a strong scent similar to caraway, for which it can be used as a substitute in any recipe. Herba-barona, its Latin name, came from its medieval use to freshen aging barons of beef. Use the leaves either fresh or dried in breads, soups and stews. Feed. Start seeds indoors four to six weeks before the last average frost date. And while its fruit is the main attraction, the similarly fragrant leaves as well as the roots are also edible. Just make sure to put the later blooming thyme in front and a … It also has uses in perfumery, as a mouth wash and as a traditional medicine. Plant thyme in free-draining soil or compost, and water in. In temperate regions within these zones, those that experience four seasons, it is a biennial that is sown in early spring. Family: Lamiaceae. Caraway is aExpert tips on how to plant, grow, and harvest caraway. Wooly thyme can grow up to 6-inches in height, but it’s a … Plant caraway in winter if you have a long growing season and temperate climate. Related to the edible herbs, creeping thymes are also aromatic. Keep seedlings evenly moist. C. carvi is relatively pest and disease-free, especially if you start with quality seed, your soil drains well, and you keep the weeds down. 1 - 1 of 1 Creeping lemon thyme, caraway thyme, and spicy orange thyme produce pink flowers, and the plant remains short, reaching a height of 4-inches. Rinse, and enjoy or toss in salads as desired. Nan Schiller is a writer with deep roots in the soil of southeastern Pennsylvania. Mulch a biennial after the first year’s foliage dies down, for an extra layer of protection from extreme cold, and as an aid in moisture retention. Fresh herbs from the garden make home cooking more flavorful and nutritious, and offer a cost savings over store-bought fresh or dried products. That ’ s best to plant these, instead orange and caraway are. Carvi grows in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 to 10 mm ( 0.2 to 0.4 in ) long, taproot! Seed of which we are so fond, and seed in the bunch Copy the following spring later thyme... 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