In 1913 he was sent to the Colored Waifs Home as a juvenile delinquent. [94] and something of a riff on his unusual embouchure. [43], The Hot Five included Kid Ory (trombone), Johnny Dodds (clarinet), Johnny St. Cyr (banjo), Lil Armstrong on piano, and usually no drummer. [79] That said, Armstrong was registered as "Lewie" for the 1920 U.S. Census. He did not perform publicly at all in 1969 and spent most of the year recuperating at home. [35], His first studio recordings were with Oliver for Gennett Records on April 5–6, 1923. Louis Armstrong’s 1946 Henri Selmer B♭ custom-made and inscribed trumpet is part of the Music and Performing Arts collection at the National Museum of African American History and Culture, opening September 24. Additionally, jazz itself was transformed from a collectively improvised folk music to a soloist's serious art form largely through his influence. [140], The house where Armstrong lived for almost 28 years was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977 and is now a museum. In 1964, his recording of the song "Hello Dolly" went to number one. In the 1959 film The Five Pennies he played himself, sang, and played several classic numbers. The quality of the performances was affected by lack of rehearsal, crude recording equipment, bad acoustics, and a cramped studio. He was and will continue to be the embodiment of jazz. Leaving this era to be known as the “Roaring 20’s” Louis was born in Louisiana, the heart of jazz. Bookings for big bands tapered off during the 1940s due to changes in public tastes: ballrooms closed, and there was competition from television and from other types of music becoming more popular than big band music. Louis Armstrong is considered the leading trumpeter and one of the most influential artists in jazz history, who helped develop jazz into a fine art. In his year there Armstrong matured into a major soloist and at the same time developed—indeed, single-handedly invented—a compelling, propulsive, rhythmic inflection in his…. His playing influenced virtually all subsequent jazz horn players, and the swing and rhythmic suppleness of his vocal style were important influences on singers from Billie Holiday to Bing Crosby. For a time he was a member of the Lil Hardin Armstrong Band and working for his wife. This Special Merit Award is presented by vote of the Recording Academy's National Trustees to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording. [91] Armstrong's laxative of preference in his younger days was Pluto Water, but when he discovered the herbal remedy Swiss Kriss, he became an enthusiastic convert,[91] extolling its virtues to anyone who would listen and passing out packets to everyone he encountered, including members of the British Royal Family. Alpha Smith. Hines and Armstrong became fast friends and successful collaborators. [88] In a 1955 letter to his manager, Joe Glaser, Armstrong affirmed his belief that Preston's newborn baby was his daughter, and ordered Glaser to pay a monthly allowance of $400 (US$4,772 in 2019 dollars[89]) to mother and child. Above all else, his swing-style trumpet playing influenced virtually all jazz horn players who followed him, and the swing and rhythmic suppleness of his vocal style were important influences on singers from Billie Holiday to Bing Crosby. Armstrong played the trumpet so powerfully that he often split his lip. With this band, the thirteen-year-old Armstrong attracted the attention of Kid Ory. Although he sang such humorous songs as “Hobo, You Can’t Ride This Train,” he also sang many standard songs, often with an intensity and creativity that equaled those of his trumpet playing. [69][70], After finishing his contract with Decca Records, he became a freelance artist and recorded for other labels. He was first sent to … He had a part in the film alongside James Stewart in The Glenn Miller Story. "[111] The most lauded recordings on which Armstrong plays trumpet include the Hot Five and Hot Seven sessions, as well as those of the Red Onion Jazz Babies. By the end of Armstrong's career in the 1960s, his influence had spread to popular music in general. as the bandleader Louis. He is remembered as one of the greatest musicians in American history. [60] Within Hughes writings, he created many books which held the central idea of jazz and recognition to Armstrong as one of the most important person to be part of the new found love of their culture. [33], Throughout his riverboat experience, Armstrong's musicianship began to mature and expand. During this time he abandoned the often blues-based original material of his earlier years for a remarkably fine choice of popular songs by such noted composers as Hoagy Carmichael, Irving Berlin, and Duke Ellington. In his last years ill health curtailed his trumpet playing, but he continued as a singer. Armstrong was a famous musician by 1929, when he moved from Chicago to New York City and performed in the theatre review Hot Chocolates. The Great Depression of the early 1930s was especially hard on the jazz scene. 1 making him, at 62 years, 9 months and 5 days, the oldest person ever to accomplish that feat. His parents separated when he was five. Armstrong also had considerable success with vocal recordings, including versions of famous songs composed by his old friend Hoagy Carmichael. They furnished music for silent movies and live shows, including jazz versions of classical music, such as "Madame Butterfly", which gave Armstrong experience with longer forms of music and with hosting before a large audience. Take a look below for 30 more fun and interesting facts about Louis Armstrong. Many broadcast announcers, fans, and acquaintances called him "Louie" and in a videotaped interview from 1983 Lucille Armstrong calls her late husband "Louie" as well. The uniquely gravelly coloration of his voice became a musical archetype that was much imitated and endlessly impersonated. Louis Armstrong, byname Satchmo (truncation of “Satchel Mouth”), (born August 4, 1901, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.—died July 6, 1971, New York, New York), the leading trumpeter and one of the most influential artists in jazz history. As a trumpet virtuoso, his playing, beginning with the 1920s studio recordings he made with his Hot Five and Hot Seven ensembles, charted a future for jazz in highly imaginative, emotionally charged improvisation. Louis Armstrong Biography. Even special musicians like Duke Ellington have praised Armstrong through strong testimonials. Armstrong was arrested at eleven years old for disturbing the peace. [96] When he did speak out, it made national news, including his criticism of President Eisenhower, calling him "two-faced" and "gutless" because of his inaction during the conflict over school desegregation in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957. The nickname has many possible origins. "I just play music. He returned to Gretna on several occasions to visit her. [91], Armstrong performed in Italy at the 1968 Sanremo Music Festival where he sang "Mi Va di Cantare"[118] alongside his friend, the Eritrean-born Italian singer Lara Saint Paul. In 1995, the U.S. Post Office issued a Louis Armstrong 32 cents commemorative postage stamp. At the end of it, he was hospitalized for a heart attack. About Louis Armstrong. He was a masterful accompanist and ensemble player in addition to his extraordinary skills as a soloist. From 1935 to the end of his life, Armstrong’s career was managed by Joe Glaser, who hired Armstrong’s bands and guided his film career (beginning with Pennies from Heaven, 1936) and radio appearances. At twenty, he could read music. [46] His recordings soon after with pianist Earl "Fatha" Hines (most famously their 1928 "Weather Bird" duet) and Armstrong's trumpet introduction to and solo in "West End Blues" remain some of the most famous and influential improvisations in jazz history. One of his most remarkable feats was his frequent conquest of the popular market with recordings that thinly disguised authentic jazz with Armstrong’s contagious humour. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. His scat singing style was enriched by his matchless experience as a trumpet soloist. Armstrong was performing at the Brick House in Gretna, Louisiana, when he met Daisy Parker, a local prostitute. Armstrong had been playing an earlier version of a Selmer trumpet since 1932. [7] At least three other biographies treat the July 4 birth date as a myth. I would say that the genius of this nation at its best is indeed Walt Whitman and Louis Armstrong." There are many techniques for altering V7 chords out there, make sure you master these two from Louis Armstrong first! [81] They checked into Kid Green's hotel that evening. He started singing in his performances. Louis Armstrong, nicknamed satchmo and pops, was an american jazz trumpeter from New Orleans, Louisiana. He is famous from his real name: Louis Armstrong Height: 5'6''(in feet & inches) 1.6764(m) 167.64(cm) , Birthdate(Birthday): August 4, 1901 , Age on July 6, 1971 (Death date): 69 Years 11 Months 2 Days Profession: Music (Trumpeter), Also working as: Musician, Composer, Singer, Features: Black eyes and black hair, Father: William Armstrong, Mother: Mary Albert, School: Fisk School for Boys, Married: … He was one of two children born to Willie Armstrong, a turpentine worker, and Mary Ann Armstrong, whose grandparents had been slaves. He was beloved by an American public that gave even the greatest African American performers little access beyond their public celebrity, and he was able to live a private life of access and privilege afforded to few other African Americans during that era. 1 position they had occupied for 14 consecutive weeks with three different songs. He switched to the trumpet to blend in better with the other musicians in his section. The nickname was turned on Armstrong himself. During the 1940s, a widespread revival of interest in the traditional jazz of the 1920s made it possible for Armstrong to consider a return to the small-group musical style of his youth. Still hoping to get back on the road, Armstrong died of a heart attack in his sleep on July 6, 1971, a month before his 70th birthday. "We Have All the Time in the World" was featured on the soundtrack of the James Bond film On Her Majesty's Secret Service, and enjoyed renewed popularity in the UK in 1994 when it featured on a Guinness advertisement. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. His father abandoned the family when Louis was young. "Bebop?" 9". Morris Karnoffsky gave Armstrong an advance toward the purchase of a cornet from a pawn shop. Armstrong lived luxuriously in his own apartment with his first private bath. He did return to New Orleans periodically. Handy (1954) and Satch Plays Fats (all Fats Waller tunes) (1955) were both being considered masterpieces, as well as moderately well selling. Armstrong also began to experience problems with his fingers and lips, which were aggravated by his unorthodox playing style. [93], The nicknames "Satchmo" and "Satch" are short for "Satchelmouth". [71][72] He continued an intense international touring schedule, but in 1959 he suffered a heart attack in Italy and had to rest. Armstrong often stated that he was born on July 4, 1900. Armstrong appeared at many New York area venues, including several extended engagements at Freedomland U.S.A. in The Bronx. His participation in Dave Brubeck's high-concept jazz musical The Real Ambassadors (1963) was critically acclaimed, and features "Summer Song", one of Armstrong's most popular vocal efforts. Handy and Fats Waller. Birth Name: Daniel Louis Armstrong. The city had jobs for blacks making good wages at factories with some left over for entertainment. He was an all-star virtuoso, and came to prominence in the 1920s playing cornet and trumpet with an excitingly new and improvisational style. He began to scat sing (improvise vocal jazz using nonsensical words) and was among the first to record it, on the Hot Five recording "Heebie Jeebies" in 1926. Armstrong was the first African American to host a nationally broadcast radio show in the 1930s. Louis Armstrong was born on Sunday and have been alive for 25,538 days , Louis Armstrong next B'Day will be after 1 Months, 21 Days , See detailed result below. Norman Granz then had the vision for Ella and Louis to record Porgy and Bess. Later he was well as many other African Americans migrated to cities … Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. [44] Armstrong's band leading style was easygoing, as St. Cyr noted, "One felt so relaxed working with him, and he was very broad-minded ... always did his best to feature each individual. To distinguish them from other hawkers, he tried playing a tin horn to attract customers. When it was released, the disc was a worldwide success and the song was then performed by the greatest international singers. He also became second trumpet for the Tuxedo Brass Band. She encouraged him to play classical music in church concerts to broaden his skills. [61] The sound of jazz, along with many other musicians such as Armstrong, helped shape Hughes as a writer. After spending many years on the road, Armstrong settled permanently in Queens, New York in 1943 in contentment with his fourth wife, Lucille. His autobiography vexed some biographers and historians, as he had a habit of telling tales, particularly of his early childhood when he was less scrutinized, and his embellishments of his history often lack consistency. Eventually he took to using salves and creams on his lips and also cutting off scar tissue with a razor blade. His last film appearance was in Hello, Dolly! Captain Joseph Jones ran the home like a military camp and used corporal punishment. With his innovations, he raised the bar musically for all who came after him. In addition, Richmond was associated with the Ku Klux Klan. He was born in New Orleans , the birthplace of jazz. Armstrong recorded two albums with Ella Fitzgerald: Ella and Louis, and Ella and Louis Again for Verve Records, with the sessions featuring the backing musicianship of the Oscar Peterson Trio and drummers Buddy Rich (on the first album), and Louie Bellson (on the second). Eleven of his recordings have been inducted into … The guest room of Louis Armstrong’s home in Corona, Queens, still has its original late 1960s botanical-print wallpaper and matching upholstery; the portrait is of Armstrong’s wife, Lucille. He recorded his first solos as a member of the Oliver band in such pieces as “Chimes Blues” and “Tears,” which Lil and Louis Armstrong composed. He rose above the hardship and challenges of poverty from a young age and the racism he was subjected to throughout his life to become one of … [40][41], In 1925, Armstrong returned to Chicago largely at the insistence of Lil, who wanted to expand his career and his income. [21] Armstrong joined a quartet of boys who sang in the streets for money. is military terminology referring to "Government Issue" or "General Issue". In 1937, Armstrong substituted for Rudy Vallee on the CBS radio network and became the first African American to host a sponsored, national broadcast. Over a twelve-month period starting in November 1925, this quintet produced twenty-four records. He was the first jazz musician to appear on the cover of Time magazine, on February 21, 1949. This group was called Louis Armstrong and His All Stars and included at various times Earl "Fatha" Hines, Barney Bigard, Edmond Hall, Jack Teagarden, Trummy Young, Arvell Shaw, Billy Kyle, Marty Napoleon, Big Sid "Buddy" Catlett, Cozy Cole, Tyree Glenn, Barrett Deems, Mort Herbert, Joe Darensbourg, Eddie Shu, Joe Muranyi and percussionist Danny Barcelona. His father abandoned his family during Louis' infancy. Louis Armstrong's trumpet playing revolutionized the world of music, and he became one of our century's most recognized and best loved entertainers. On his 1964 record "Hello, Dolly", he sings, "This is Lewis, Dolly" but in 1933 he made a record called "Laughin' Louie". Somebody called my name?" [83] His marriage to Parker ended when they separated in 1923. In a memoir written for Robert Goffin between 1943 and 1944, Armstrong states, "All white folks call me Louie," perhaps suggesting that he himself did not or, on the other hand, that no whites addressed him by one of his nicknames such as Pops. He also made a cameo appearance as a vocalist, regularly stealing the show with his rendition of "Ain't Misbehavin'". [129][130], The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame listed Armstrong's West End Blues on the list of 500 songs that shaped Rock and Roll.[131]. is one of his most recognizable performances. [58], During the 1920s, Louis Armstrong brought a huge impact during the Harlem Renaissance within the Jazz world. Popular Performers. While selling coal in Storyville, he heard spasm bands, groups that played music out of household objects. [134] Billie Holiday and Frank Sinatra are just two singers who were greatly indebted to him. [99] He wore the Star of David in honor of the Karnoffsky family, who took him in as a child and lent him money to buy his first cornet. Armstrong was a gifted composer who wrote more than fifty songs, some of which have become jazz standards (e.g. [34] In 1922, he moved to Chicago at the invitation of King Oliver. After age five, Louis moved back with his mother and his sister, "Mama Lucy." Armstrong moved to Los Angeles in 1930 to seek new opportunities. Through his playing, the trumpet emerged as a solo instrument in jazz and is used widely today. Born. His beautiful tone and gift for structuring bravura solos with brilliant high-note climaxes led to such masterworks as “That’s My Home,” “Body and Soul,” and “Star Dust.” One of the inventors of scat singing, he began to sing lyrics on most of his recordings, varying melodies or decorating with scat phrases in a gravel voice that was immediately identifiable. You could uncover details on Louis's Social Media Profiles, Public Records, Criminal Records & much more. [29] Around the age of fifteen, he pimped for a prostitute named Nootsy, but that relationship failed after she stabbed Armstrong in the shoulder and his mother choked her nearly to death. Armstrong's playing technique, honed by constant practice, extended the range, tone and capabilities of the trumpet. He heard the early sounds of jazz from bands that played in brothels and dance halls such as Pete Lala's, where King Oliver performed. She had divorced her first husband a few years earlier. Some musicians criticized Armstrong for playing in front of segregated audiences, and for not taking a strong enough stand in the American civil rights movement. After a tour across the country shadowed by the mob, he fled to Europe. He played for a year in New York City in Fletcher Henderson’s band and on many recordings with others before returning to Chicago and playing in large orchestras. [138], Congo Square was a common gathering place for African-Americans in New Orleans for dancing and performing music. His trumpet range continued to expand, as demonstrated in the high-note showpieces in his repertoire. Armstrong appeared on the October 28, 1970, Johnny Cash Show, where he sang Nat King Cole's hit "Ramblin' Rose" and joined Cash to re-create his performance backing Jimmie Rodgers on "Blue Yodel No. Faubus", David Margolick, The Day Louis Armstrong Made Noise, "9 Things You May Not Know About Louis Armstrong – History Lists", "Rare Footage of Duke Ellington Highlights When Jazz and Baseball Were in Perfect Harmony", "NPR's Jazz Profiles from NPR: Louis Armstrong: The Singer", "Louis Armstrong's Secret Lessons From Judaism", Hit Parade Italia – Festival di Sanremo 1968, "High Society (1956) - High Society Calpyso", "Louis Armstrong, Jazz Trumpeter and Singer, Dies", "Louis Armstrong Dies: 1971 Year in Review", "Experience The Music: One Hit Wonders and The Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll", "At Home with Harold Bloom: (3) The Jazz Bridge", "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire", Louis Armstrong: discography and early recordings (RealPlayer format), "Louis Armstrong Transcription Project – John P Birchall", Discography of American Historical Recordings, "How (and Why) I Grew to Love King Louis", "When I Pick Up That Horn, That's All" by Nat Hentoff, "Louis Armstrong collected news and commentary", You Won't Be Satisfied (Until You Break My Heart), The Complete Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong on Verve. 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