2. Eademque animi constantia Principis iram subiit, apud quem cum fratribus iniurià insimulatus erat, neque minus acriter optimatum voluntati restitit in sacris beneficiis conferendis; itemque, omnia nequiquam expertus, animadvertit in contumaces qui Ordini canonicorum Genevensium decumam fructuum denegassent. Erit praeterea vobis curae, ut iis aliis, qui opportuniores videantur, modis sanctissimi Episcopi res gestae commemorentur. Ad priorem autem quod attinet, postquam Salesius germanam pietatem ab ea distinxit asperitate quae animos in virtutis exercitatione terrendo debilitat, licet non illo exuat aequo rigore qui christianae disciplinae congruit, in eo totus est ut ostendat, sanctitatem cum omnibus civilis vitae officiis condicionibusque conciliari optime, atque in media saeculi consuetudine quemvis accommodate ad salutem posse degere, modo ne mundi hauriat imbibatque spiritum. Vestrum igitur in primis erit, haec verba Nostra ad clerum populumque vobis concreditum perferre, atque illustrare diligenter. As St. Paul says, "This is the will of God, your sanctification." For example, Leo XIII in his Rerum novarum taught that 6 "virtue however is the common patrimony of all mortals, [and is] equally obtainable by high and low, rich and proletariat. Vos autem, Venerabiles Fratres, fideles curis vestris commissos vehementer hortamini, ut Sanctum Doctorem Nostra causa obsecrent : quandoquidem enim Deo placuit, ut Ecclesiam suam difficillimis temporibus regundam susciperemus, utinam, Salesio auspice, qui Apostolicam Sedem insigni studio ac reverentia est prosecutus eiusque iura atque auctoritatem in Controversiis mirifice defendit, id feliciter eveniat, ut, quotquot a Christi lege et caritate alieni sunt, eos omnes, ad pascua vitae aeternae redeuntes, in communione atque osculo pacis amplectamur. Rerum omnium perturbationem, quae nunc adest, cum proxime in Encyclicis Litteris consideraremus medendi gratia, vidimus in ipsis hominum animis inhaerere malum, eiusque sanationem tum demum sperari posse si Iesu Christi medica per Ecclesiam sanctam manus invocetur. On the Persecution of the Armenians. Rerum omnium perturbationem, quae nunc adest, cum proxime in Encyclicis Litteris consideraremus medendi gratia, vidimus in ipsis hominum animis inhaerere malum, eiusque sanationem tum demum sperari posse si Iesu Christi medica per Ecclesiam sanctam manus invocetur. Plurima quidem sunt quae hoc ipso consilio edidit eaque nobilissima scripta; in iis vero duo illi eminent vulgatissimi libri, quorum alter Philothea, alter Tractatus de amore Dei inscribitur. Iamvero, Venerabiles Fratres, quae peracta est superiore anno commemoratio sollemnis de nostris illis heroibus Ignatio Loyoleo, Francisco Xaverio, Philippo Nerio, Theresia a Iesu et Isidoro Agricola, qui tertio ante saeculo in album Sanctorum adscripti essent, ea non parum visa est ad christianae vitae studium in populo excitandum valuisse. 50.). He was also accustomed to illustrate his thoughts by an almost infinite variety of metaphors, examples, and quotations taken from the most part from the Holy Scriptures, all of which gave the impression that what he wrote flowed no less from this heart and the depths of his being than from his intellect. When necessary he even goes deeply into explanations of the most difficult problems as, for example, that of efficacious grace, predestination, and the gift of faith. It is in these heresies that we discover the beginnings of that apostasy of mankind from the Church, the sad and disastrous effects of which are deplored, even to the present hour, by every fair mind. Oblata vero opportunitate, difficillimas quaestiones dilucide explanat, ut de gratia efficaci, de praedestinatione, de vocatione ad fidem; et, ne ieiuna currat oratio, eam — quae erat illius ingenii ubertas et celeritas — tam festiva iucunditate tantoque pietatis odore consperbit, ea similitudinum varietate iisque et exemplis et locis aptissimis ornat, e Scriptura sacra plerumque depromptis, ut liber non tam ex eius mente quam ex visceribus medullisque manasse videatur. At that time We pointed out that the roots of these evils lie in the souls of men and that the sole hope of curing them is to have recourse to the assistance of the Divine Healer Jesus Christ by the means which He has placed at the disposal of His Holy Church. In this particular matter We follow his desires all the more willingly since We expect from this Centenary no less marvelous fruits than those which accompanied the feasts which have preceded it. 1. ON ST. FRANCIS DE SALES. 32. In order to bestow a very special mark of Our affection on the Convent of the Sisters of the Visitation at Annecy, where the body of St. Francis rests - on the very altar over his body We have with great spiritual joy celebrated Mass - and on the Convent of Treviso where his heart is preserved, and on all other Visitation Convents, We grant during the functions which they will hold every month in thanksgiving to God, and over and above these days, on the twenty-eighth of December, but only for this particular year, to all who make the customary visits to their churches, the plenary indulgence, provided they confess and receive Holy Communion and pray according to Our intention. It is no less necessary to turn back the minds of men from the passing things of this world to those which are eternal, which latter unhappily are too often neglected by the great majority of mankind. He also outlines the methods of developing and of growing in the love of God. It is necessary to pass over in silence many of the other writings of St. Francis in which however we may no less discover "that heaven-sent doctrine which, like a stream of living water, has watered the vineyard of the Lord . Sinners and apostates especially flocked to his house in order, with his help, to become reconciled to God and to amend their lives. Ecclesiam Dei "The Church of God" On St. Jehosophat: 12 November 1923: 5. Pope Pius XI, Rerum Omnium Perturbationem (On St. Francis de Sales). VENERABILES FRATRES SALUTEM ET A POSTOLICAM BENEDICTIONEM. Not even heretics, who often proved themselves very offensive, ever found him a bit less affable or less accessible. The meekness of St. Francis should be held up to the faithful in a very special way for their imitation, for this virtue recalls to our minds so well and expresses so truly the kindness of Jesus Christ. In the first place, he proves that no authority can be said to exist in the Church of Christ unless it had been bestowed on her by an authoritative mandate, which mandate the ministers of heretical beliefs in no way can be said to possess. Cum, uti rerum gestarum scriptores enarrant, a Sabaudiae Duce cum Bernensibus et Genevensibus exeunte anno MDLXXXXIII induciae essent initae, tum maxime visum est, ad Chaballicenses Ecclesiae reconciliandos nihil magis profuturum, quam si, missis illuc studiosis doctisque divini verbi praeconibus, persuasione adhibita, sensim ad fidem allicerentur. When, during a sermon, almost the entire audience one after another left the Church, he would continue preaching. We do desire that, throughout the whole year and up to the twenty-eighth of December, the day when St. Francis passed from earth to heaven, you do everything possible to instruct the faithful in doctrines and virtues which characterized the holy Doctor. Sed cum illi contiones declinarent, eorum errores deliberavit per schedas convincere in sermonum intervallis a se exaratas, quarum exscripta exemplaria, de manu in manum tradita, inter haereticos quoque insinuarentur. If they fled him, he pursued, calling after them loudly. See to it, therefore, that in your episcopal cities and in every parish of your dioceses that some time during the course of this year, up to December twenty-eighth inclusive, a triduum or a novena be held, during which sermons should be preached, for it is all-important that the people be well instructed in those truths which, under the guidance of St. Francis, cannot but raise the level of their spiritual lives. Rerum omnium perturbationem "Disturbance of All Things" St. Francis De Sales: 26 January 1923 3. Nec vero quisquam patet ad paucos quosdam lectissimos id pertinere, ceterisque in inferiore quodam virtutis gradu licere consistere. Non enim ibi vigiliarum et psalmodiae diuturnitas, non paenitentiae vel expiationum asperitas, sed legibus tam mitibus tamque remissis obtemperatio, ut moniales etiam, quae minus valent, omnia sibi imperata explere facile possint. v, 48), 3. The solemn commemoration last year of the third centenary of the canonization of five great saints - Ignatius Loyola, Francis Xavier, Philip Neri, Teresa of Jesus, and Isidore the Farmer - helped greatly, Venerable Brothers, toward reawakening among the faithful a love for the Christian life. 17. Illud enim praecipue Nobis in optatis est, ut fideles ad sanctitatis uniuscuiusque propriae colendae officium revocetis, cum nimis multi sint qui vel nunquam de vita aeterna recogitent vel salutem animae suae prorsus neglegant. (3) S. AUG., 1. These leaflets were distributed about in great quantities and passed from hand to hand with the object of having them find their way into the possession of the heretics. Haec encyclica Francisco Salesio et operi eius trecentesimo anno iubilaei mortis tempore dicata est. Ceterum quam forti esset pectore hic, de quo exemplum mansuetudinis capere licebat, tum vero clarissime apparuit quotiescumque ei fuit cum potentibus pro gloria Dei, pro Ecclesiae auctoritate, pro animarum salute certandum. It is Our wish that the greatest fruits should be gained from this solemn Centenary by those Catholics who as journalists and writers expound, spread, and defend the doctrines of the Church. 13. We do not wish that this Centenary should become a mere commemoration of certain events of history which would turn out a purely sterile function, neither that it should be restricted to a few selected days. RERUM OMNIUM PERTURBATIONEM: Encyclical of Pope Pius XI on St. Francis de Sales. Legimus, consuevisse nostrum facillime admittere amanterque excipere omnes, flagitiosos homines in primis et apostatas, qui domum ad se, culpae eluendae emendandaeque causa, confluerent; eundem in deliciis habuisse reos carceribus inclusos, quos crebro invisens multiplicibus recreabat suae caritatis officiis; neque minus indulgenter solitum esse cum famulis suis agere, quorum segnitiam temeritatesque toleranter in exemplum patiebatur. 37. If this were done, Christian piety certainly would flourish the world over and the Church of God could rejoice in the assurance of a widespread attainment of holiness by her children. Deinde Regulas fidei diligenter explanat, et eas violari ab haereticis, apud nos autem sancte custodiri ostendit ; peculiares denique tractatus adiicit, e quibus tamen solae exstant de Sacramentis et de Purgatorio disputationes. It was by such means as these that he finally overcame the resistance of his most formidable adversaries. The Feast of St. They should never compromise where the truth is involved, nor, because of fear of possibly offending an opponent, minimize or dissimulate it. In the Introduction to the Devout Life St. Francis, after showing clearly how hardness of heart discourages one in the practice of virtue and is altogether foreign to genuine piety (he does not strip piety of that severity which is in harmony with the Christian manner of life) then sets himself expressly to prove that holiness is perfectly possible in every state and condition of secular life, and to show how each man can live in the world in such a manner as to save his own soul, provided only he keeps himself free from the spirit of the world. Iamvero in hisce Controversiis sanctus Doctor, quamquam concertatoriam quasi supellectilem superiorum aetatum commodissime adhibet, est tamen semper in disputando suus; ac, primum omnium, illud confirmat, auctoritatem in Ecclesia Christi ne cogitari quidem posse nisi legitimo mandato tributam, quo haeretici sacrorum administri prorsus careant; tum convictis eorum de Ecclesia natura erroribus, proprias verae Ecclesiae notas definit, easque demonstrat in catholica quidem Ecclesia reperiri, contra in reformata desiderari. Rerum omnium perturbationem â Ubi arcano Dei consilio (English: When in the inscrutable designs of God ) was Pius XI 's first encyclical . Apostolic Letter: 1922.08.06: Ora sono pochi On the Day of the 'March on Rome' Apostolic Letter: 1922.10.28: Ad Musicæ Sacræ Statutes of the Pontifical Institute of Sacred Music. The Church is most successful in this work of sanctification when it is possible for her, through the mercy of God, to hold up to the imitation of the faithful one or other of her dearest children who has made himself conspicuous by the practice of every virtue. They, therefore, should do everything possible to acquire a solid and not a merely superficial virtue and to die always to themselves in order to live only for God. Deinde, hoc polito, peculiarem aliquam deligendam nobis esse virtutem, ad quam sine intermissione contendamus donec eius compotes simus, tum de singulis virtutibus agit, de decentia, de honestis probrosisque colloquiis, de licitis periculosisque oblectamentis, de fidelitate erga Deum retinenda, deque coniugum, viduarum virginumque officiis. Equally firm was he when he dared face the anger of the Prince, before whom both he and his brethren had been falsely accused. May it please God that this book, the most perfect of its kind in the opinion of contemporaries of the Saint, be read now as it formerly was by practically every one. In the Controversies one readily perceives that same broad-mindedness and magnanimity of soul which permeate the books he wrote with the purpose of promoting piety. All who accept the guidance of her ministry should, by the command of God, do everything in their power to sanctify their own lives. In Our recent encyclical We examined the disorders with which the world today struggles for the purpose of discovering a sure remedy for such great evils. At the same time we learn from the Saint how not only to perform the customary acts of everyday life, (with the exception, of course, of sin) but also a fact which all do not know, how to do these things correctly with the sole intention of pleasing God. Idem gravi eoque expedito scribendi genere, subtilique et festiva verborum sententiarumque usus varietate, qua praecepta commendantur fiuntque gratiora legentibus, postquam exposuit, esse nobis ab omni culpa, malis a propensionibus, a rebusque inutilibus ac noxiis abstinendum, dicere aggreditur quibus exercitationibus animum excolere et qua ratione cum Deo coniungi debeamus. Hoc Nos decessoris propositum, tamquam hereditate acceptum, libentissime exsequimur, eo magis quod sperare licet, futurum, ut commemorationis haud ita multo ante habitae fructus huius propediem ordiendae fructibus cumulentur. (cycling) A multiple race event in track cycling. The law of holiness embraces all men and admits of no exception. He was often put out of lodgings, at which times he passed the night asleep on the snow under the canopy of heaven. Rerum Omnium Perturbationem - On St. Francis de Sales - 1.26.1923 Ubi Arcano Dei Consilio - On the peace of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ - 12.23.1922 Latest Videos: The circumstances surrounding the mission of St. Francis to La Chablais are well known to you, Venerable Brothers, for when, towards the close of 1593, as we learn from history, the Duke of Savoy concluded a truce with the inhabitants of Berne and Geneva, nothing was thought more important in order to reconcile the population to the Church than to send them zealous and learned preachers who, by the persuasive force of their eloquence, would slowly but surely win back these people to their allegiance to the Faith. First of all, you should make known and even explain with all diligence this encyclical both to your clergy and to the people committed to your care. This work of spreading about leaflets, however, gradually decreased and ceased altogether when the people of these parts in large numbers began to attend his sermons. This is so true that even when he reproached these erring children for their apostasy from the Catholic Church, it is evident that he had no other purpose in mind than to open wide the gates by which they might return to the Faith. We are now happily called upon to celebrate the Third Centenary of the entrance into heaven of another great saint, one who was remarkable not only for the sublime holiness of life which he achieved but also for the wisdom with which he directed souls in the ways of sanctity. 27. Quoniam vero iis, quos memoravimus, catholicis scriptoribus non constat ex publico ac sollemni Apostolicae Sedis documento Salesium datum esse Patronum, hanc Nos faustam occasionem nacti, de certa scientia ac matura deliberatione, auctoritate Nostra apostolica, per hanc Encyclicam Epistolam, Sanctum Franciscum Salesium, Episcopum Genevensem et Ecclesiae Doctorem, iis omnibus Caelestem Patronum damus seu confirmamus, ac declaramus, non obstantibus contrariis quibuslibet. Iam si Salesii vitam studiose consideremus, fuit hic usque ab ineunte aetate specimen sanctimoniae, et illud non severum ac triste, sed blandum et commune omnibus, ut vere de eo praedicari posset: Non enim habet amaritudinem conversatio illius, nec taedium convictus illius, sed laetitiam et gaudium (4). Atque etiam videtur Salesius singulari Dei consilio Ecclesiae datus, ut et actione vitae suae et doctrinae facultate opinionem illam profligaret eius temporibus iam inveteratam, quae ne hodie quidem refrixit, veri nominis sanctitatem, qualem catholica proponit Ecclesia, aut adaequari non posse, aut certe tam arduam esse ad assequendum, ut in plerosque fidelium minime cadat, sed paucis tantummodo, iisque magno atque excelso animo praeditis, conveniat; eandem, praeterea, tantis implicari fastidiis ac taediis, ut ad viros mulieresque extra claustra degentes neutiquam accommodetur. 38. St. Francis published many works of piety, among which we may single out his two best known books, Philothea - An Introduction to the Devout Life and The Treatise on the Love of God. Finally, his style is so elegant, so polished, so impressive that the heretical ministers were accustomed to warn their followers against being deceived and won over by the flatteries of the missionary from Geneva. 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