Joe Pass (1929 - 1994) began playing the guitar when he was nine years old and by age fourteen he was playing in local bands in the Johnstown Pennsylvania area. In 1947, at eighteen, he went on the road with the Tony Pastor band for a short time before returning to high school. He appears on several Pastor recordings from this period as a rhythm player.
He left school again shortly after returning and began playing in and around New York. During this time in New York he started using drugs and he began a decline that ultimately ended with time in several rehabilitation centers and jail. During this time Pass continued to play and he appeared on a handful of commercial recordings.
After being busted several times and spending more than 10 years trying to kick drugs, Pass entered the Synanon Center in California. After 15 months in Synanon Joe Pass made his famous Sounds of Synanon (1961) recording with Arnold Ross, another Synanon resident.
Following this recording Pass worked in the Los Angeles studios for more than 10 years before he signed with the Norman Granz's Pablo label. It was with this label that Pass made many of his most essential recordings, including his famous Virtuoso series.
In the Virtuoso series of solo guitar recordings Joe Pass redefined solo guitar playing. His complete mastery of finger style playing brought a new depth and complexity to solo guitar. These solo recordings and his solo concerts made him famous. He was consistently listed in the jazz polls year after year mostly based on the success of his solo work. During this same period at Pablo he recorded a set of records with Ella Fitzgerald on which he provided accompaniment with his solo guitar. These recordings remain some of the very best examples of vocal accompaniment with the solo guitar.
It was with the solo guitar that Joes Pass had his greatest influence, but he was also one of the best small group (Live At Donte's) ensemble players of his time. Throughout the 1970's, 1980's and 1990's Joe Pass recorded several important jazz recordings with some of the best jazzmen of the time. He recorded with Oscar Peterson (The Trio), Conti Candoli (Better Days), Chet Baker (A Sign Of The Times), J.J Johnson (We'll Be Together Again), Duke Ellington (Duke's Big Four) and most of the best west coast jazz players.
He formed a special relationship with John Pisano and together they made a number of recordings that were showcases for Joe Pass' amazing prowess as a soloist and Pisano's amazing abilities as a rhythm player. Joe Pass rose to prominence as a jazz guitarist on the strength of his solo playing, but his total discography describes a complete musician able to perform in any venue.
In 1947 – 1950 when Joe Pass was in New York, players like Billy Bauer, Bill DeArango and Johnny Smith were the top players in the studios and on the local jazz scene. While they were making jazz guitar history Joe Pass was consumed by drugs and dropped out of sight for 12 years. But, somehow, the muses still guided Joe Pass to his rightful place as one of the greatest jazz guitarists of the 20th century.
Joe Pass established a standard for solo guitar playing that has rarely been equaled and his solo playing in small groups and ensembles represents some of the best of bop guitar.