Washington, D.C. , Before and after the Louisiana Purchase, Gallatin presided over a major expansion of public land sales. Returning to Pennsylvania, Gallatin helped calm many angry farmers during the Whiskey Rebellion. The Gallatin School of Individualized Study at New York University honors his founding. In the mid-1840s, he opposed President James K. Polk's expansionist policies and wrote a widely-read pamphlet, Peace with Mexico, that called for an end to the Mexican–American War.  Ultimately, John Quincy Adams won the 1824 presidential election in a contingent election held in the House of Representatives. Gallatin did not join in the rebellion, but criticized the military response of the President George Washington's administration as an overreaction. Gallatin's name is associated with NYU's Gallatin School of Individualized Study. [ citation needed ]. The Gallatins were both an old and a noble family. During Jefferson's second term, both the British and French stepped up efforts to prevent American trade with their respective enemy.  In 1794, after Gallatin had been expelled from the Senate and returned to Friendship Hill, the Whiskey Rebellion broke out among disgruntled farmers opposed to the federal collection of the whiskey tax. Gallatin is commemorated in the naming of a number of counties, roads, and streets, as well as through his association with New York University. In History of modern latin america: 1800 to the present (p. 69). Jefferson had doubts about the constitutionality of the purchase, but Gallatin helped convince the president that a constitutional amendment authorizing the purchase was impractical and unnecessary. An opponent of Alexander Hamilton's economic policies, Gallatin was elected to the United States Senate in 1793. Meade, T. A. In 1842, Gallatin joined with John Russell Bartlett to found the American Ethnological Society. Fils de Jean, négociant, et de Sophie Rolaz. He did, however, help convince Congress to charter the Second Bank of the United States as a replacement for the defunct First Bank of the United States.  In the contingent election that decided the outcome of the 1800 presidential election, Gallatin helped Thomas Jefferson secure victory over his ostensible running mate, Aaron Burr.  Gallatin had never wanted the role and was humiliated when he was forced to withdraw from the race. Hinman has been represented to me as incapacitated by age & inattention to his duty.—Albert Gallatin” (RC in DNA: RG 59, LAR, 5:0316–18; Vol. ∞︎ 1) Sophie Allègre, fille de William, 2) 1794 Hannah Nicholson, fille de James.  Gallatin and his wife returned to Friendship Hill after the presidential election, living there until 1826. How to Cite This Collection. The U.S. experienced some successes at sea, but were unable to break a British blockade of the United States. Jean Gallatin, a prosperous merchant, died in 1765, followed by Sophie in April 1770. Albert Gallatin nació en Ginebra, Suiza.Pertenecía a una familia acomodada que emigró a Massachusetts en 1780. Throughout his later political career, Gallatin worked towards the peaceable resolution of the Northeastern Boundary Dispute (1783-1842) between the US and the British […]  Gallatin's patience and skill in dealing with not only the British but also his fellow members of the American commission, including Clay and Adams, made the treaty "the special and peculiar triumph of Mr. Liverpool boasted the Albert Dock, opened in 1845.  In June 1812, Madison signed a declaration of war against Britain, beginning the War of 1812. Gallatin was born in Geneva in present-day Switzerland and spoke French as a first language. The Albert Gallatin Area School District, located in south western Fayette County, Pennsylvania, and having contained within Gallatin's home, Friendship Hill, is also named after Gallatin. Gallatin co-founded a company designed to attract Swiss settlers to the United States, but the company proved unable to attract many settlers. , When Gallatin returned from Europe in September 1815, he declined Madison's request to take up his old post as Secretary of the Treasury. There, he studied an eclectic curriculum of philosophy, languages, mathematics, and science. He became the chief spokesman on financial matters for the Democratic-Republican Party, leading opposition to the Federalist economic program. He enjoyed the simple life and the natural environment surrounding him. ... « previous 1 2 next ... Now on File in the Offices of the Board of Trade and State Paper Offices in London; Transmitted in 1827 by. From 1801 to February 1814, served as secretary of the treasury in … Congressman at, United States Minister to the United Kingdom, NYU's Gallatin School of Individualized Study, Albert Gallatin House; Friendship Hill National Historic Site, List of foreign-born United States Cabinet Secretaries, List of United States Senators born outside the United States, To James Madison from William Jones, 14 January 1813, How Britain Won the War of 1812: The Royal Navy's Blockades of the United States, 1812–1815, "Rush-Bagot Pact, 1817 and Convention of 1818", "A Synopsis of the Indian Tribes Within the United States East of the Rocky Mountains, and in the British and Russian Possessions in North America", Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, "Index to Politicians: Gallaher to Gallmeyer", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY ON THE SUBJECT OF PUBLIC ROADS AND CANALS", United States Senator (Class 1) from Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district, United States Secretaries of the Treasury, Ambassadors of the United States of America to the Court of St. James's, Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Center on the Administration of Criminal Law, Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy, Journal of Intellectual Property and Entertainment Law, Journal of International Law and Politics, NYU Catherine B. Reynolds Program for Social Entrepreneurship, Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management, Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Eastern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association, Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Archives, List of New York University honorary degree recipients, List of Presidents of New York University, Culture, Education, and Human Development, Mingo Creek Presbyterian Church and Churchyard, Lobb's Cemetery and Yohogania County Courthouse Site. Er war Abgeordneter und Senator aus Pennsylvania und von 1801 bis 1814 der am längsten amtierende Finanzminister in der amerikanischen Geschichte. The well-connected Commodore James Nicholson on November 1, Point Marion, PA 15474 's declining popularity the. In tariff rates family to avoid impending rebellion forced captured American sailors to crew British ships no.! More for Albert Gallatin at Liverpool, previously a great Center of United! 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