However, genetic research has found that subspecies exist in both groups and the scientific, or taxonomic, name is therefore not so simple to discern. WWF® and ©1986 Panda Symbol are owned by WWF. Home About Fast Facts Food Web Conservation Donate Bibliography Scientific Name. Did you know? The average height of the Borneo elephant is 8.2 – 9.8 feet. The legs of elephants are unique, designed to support the weight of the largest terrestrial animal. Location. Toggle Navigation Main Menu. Wikipedia Wikipedia Scientific name… World Land Trust (WLT) has been supporting conservation measures in Kinabatangan since 2008, in partnership with Hutan and LEAP Spiral, two conservation organisations based in Malaysia. There is continued debate on the status of the Bornean Elephant, which has been genetically distinct from the mainland species for more than 300,000 years. The scientific name of the Borneo elephant is Elephas maximus borneensis. While they are also known as Borneo pygmy elephants due to their smaller size, at 8.2-9.8 feet tall, the Bornean elephant is the largest mammal on the island. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. They belong to Elephantidae family. They inhabit grasslands, different types of forests and scrublands. View our inclusive approach to conservation, Elephant collaring – protecting the giants of Sabah, Demand Under the Ban: China Ivory Consumption Research 2019, Factsheet: Demand under the Ban – China Ivory Consumption Research, Demand Under the Ban: China Ivory Consumption Research (2017). The Bornean population is marked ‘origin uncertain’ for reasons explained below. Shrinking forests bring the elephants into more frequent contact with people, increasing human-elephant conflict in the region. They are smaller than African elephants. Where does the Borneo Pygmy elephant live? Today, WWF continues to collar and monitor the movement of these endangered mammals in order to reduce human-wildlife conflict and inform conservation actions. Common Name: Borneo Pygmy elephant (Eng) Gajah (Bahasa Malaysia) Nenek/Liman (Orang Sungai language) Scientific Name: Elephas maximus borneensis Habitat: Lowlands and valleys Status: Endangered Population: [Unknown] estimated to be less than 1,500 mostly in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Logging, expanding agriculture, and palm oil plantations are reducing contact between sub populations, as well as shrinking the forest area available for each sub-population. The baby-faced pygmy elephant of Borneo, with its oversized ears and plump belly was isolated at least 18,000 years ago from its cousins on mainland Asia and Sumatra. Ongoing protection of forest in the Kinabatangan floodplain is a key conservation measure for the Bornean Elephant. It is also popular as Borneo Pygmy Elephant and Elephas Maximus Borneensis. View Original Borneo Elephant Image … How to say borneo pygmy elephant in English? For example, the Borneo elephant has increasingly come into conflict with the expansion of human agriculture activities in its natural habitat. However, DNA tests show that the Borneo pygmy elephant is genetically different from the Asian elephant. Coenraad Jacob Temminck named an elephant from Sumatra Elephas sumatranus in 1847. Take a closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about animal habitats, behavior, and scientific classification. The Borneo elephant, also called the Borneo pygmy elephant, inhabits northeastern Borneo, in Indonesia and Malaysia.Its origin remains the subject of debate. As the name suggests, the Borneo elephant is found on the island of Borneo in Malaysia. Stats. However, DNA tests show that the Borneo pygmy elephant is genetically different from the Asian elephant. Its origin remains the subject of debate. In the last 40 years, Sabah has lost 60% of its elephant habitat to cultivation. Critically Endangered. The Borneo elephant is the smallest sub-specie of Asian elephants. ... and Kalimantan regions of Borneo. Once believed to be remnants of a domesticated herd given to the Sultan of Sulu in the 17th century, Bornean elephants were determined by WWF to be genetically different from other Asian elephants. Asian elephant Scientific name: Elephas maximus Subspecies: Indian, Sri Lankan and Sumatran Conservation status: Endangered. A definitive subspecific classification as Elephas maximus borneensis awaits a detailed range-wide morphometric and genetic study. © 2021 World Wildlife Fund. When you think of an elephant you typically think of a massive animal, but the Borneo pygmy elephant is quite different. The Borneo Pygmy Elephant species and other Asian elephant's endangerment is mainly due to the threats of habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation of their habitats. Fun Facts. Extinct Javan elephants may have been rediscovered – in Borneo [Wildlife Extra News Story], Satellite tracking of Borneo’s Pygmy Elephants, WWF and Sabah Wildlife Department, 2005-2006, Origins of the elephants Elephas maximus L. of Borneo, 2007, Earl of Cranbrook, J.Payne, Charles. Scientific Name. The other sub-species are- the Indian elephant, the Sumatran elephant and the Sri-Lanka elephant. Scientific Name: Elephas maximus borneensis. The Indian elephant is the most widely distributed of the four Asian elephant sub-species, Meaning it's popular. They’re much smaller in size and their ears are straight at the bottom, unlike the large fan-shaped ears of the African species. Generally they are found in lowland forest, which in the Kinabatangan is seasonally inundated with floodwaters. Elephas maximus borneensis. This cute animal has a baby-like face, unusually large ears, plump belly and an extremely long tail, which occasionally drag on the ground while the animal walks. Dr. Christy Williams of WWF places a radio collar with GPS and satellite tracking technology on a Bornean elephant. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pongo pygmaeus Over the last 60 years, the population of Bornean orangutans has dropped by 50%. All Animals; Animal Lists. Cultivated crops such as bananas, rice, and sugarcane are favorite foods. The Borneo elephant is a sub-species of Asian elephant which incorporates the Indian elephant, the Sumatran elephant, the Sri-Lanka elephant and therefore the Borneo elephant. The Savannah Elephant is considered to be the larger of the two species of elephants found in Africa. Status. The population is further limited to the northeast of Borneo. The Sri Lankan is physically the largest of the subspecies, and also the darkest in colour. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Cacophony - License Information. Maximus is the precise scientific name of the Asian elephant species. But the existence of Borneo elephant is still being debated. Classification. The best hope for the long-term survival of Borneo's elephants lies in sustainable forest management for timber production, since elephants can survive and breed in natural forests that are selectively logged. Its scientific name is "Elephas maximus borneensis" it is a subspecies of the Asian Elephant. 15 The Borneo Pygmy Elephant Is Nowhere Near As Big As Their African Relatives. The behaviour of the Bornean Elephant is said to be much gentler and less aggressive than the mainland Asian Elephants, supporting the idea that they may be descended from a domesticated population. Long tails that sometimes touch the ground has dropped by 50 % two species elephants... 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