Post a comment. Reduction in WG from 4 to 7 wk because of high AT was greater in high-GR birds than in low-GR birds, but, in both stocks, the high AT effect was greater on normally feathered birds than on the other three genotypes. The panellists were of different gender, ages, and tribes. Their management history and uncontrolled mating have enabled IVCs to have unique and diverse phenotypes. On the other hand, non significant differences were obtained for feather loss, gizzard weight, spleen weight, heart weight, head weight. Data generated from the carcass parameters were subjected to least squares means using SAS 9.2 version 2008. A total of 144 twelve weeks old pullets comprising 24 each of Normal feather (NF), Naked Neck (NN), Shika Brown (SB), Isa Brown (IB), Bovan Nera (BN) and Noiler (NO) chicken strains were used. Birds of each stock, genotype, and sex were reared under constant standard AT (24 C) or high AT (32 C). Feather pecking and cannibalism only occurred in LAB. INTRODUCTION . October 2010; Asian Journal of Poultry Science 4(4):2010; DOI: … Other serum proteins (apolipoprotein A-I, ovotransferrin and vitellogenin) were found at different levels between the most productive and the least productive groups of TRFCC, were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and were quantified by age. Thus, this present review provides genetic and performance information on naked neck, frizzled and normal feathered chickens which may be useful for breed improvement and development for future generation. 1. The results of this experiment from biological responses of birds gave an impression that compound feeds of the feed mills T 1 , T 2 and T 3 were found to be better than those feeds of T 4 and T 5 feed mills for the production of commercial broiler for the age duration of day old to 38 days of age. Ten eggs per strain were randomly selected for breakout at embryonic day (ED) 7, 11, 15, and 18 of incubation to collect data on albumen weight in order to determine the embryonic albu-men reduction rate during incubation and yolk weight to monitor its utilization. Today, the requests of the consumers and of the breeders lead the geneticist to study new traits such as quality of products, resistance to diseases (whether infectious or not), reduction of. African Indigenous Food Crops (AIFCs) face eminent extinction due to negative perceptions about them (Voster et al., 2007a). The present review work aims at determining the potential usefulness of indigenous naked neck (INN) chicken (D. Nana) for poultry production in a hot-humid climate. Results showed that least square means of live weight, wing and shank length, body, thigh and toe length, beak length and breast breadth of the Fulani ecotype were generally higher (P<0.01) than those of the Yoruba ecotype. Thus, the present review provides genetic and performance information on INN chickens which may be useful for further improvement of tropical breeds. During the on-farm study, supplementary feed and vaccination services were provided for the birds, while the households received trainings on poultry management practices. To prevent this, the Food and Agriculture Organization has launched an indigenous poultry conservation programme. The males were also superior (P<0.01) to the females for comb, wing, shank length and breast breadth while live weight, toe and thigh length also differ (P<0.05) within each ecotype. Flock characteristics and performance, Egg traits, hatchability and early growth performance of the Fulani-ecotype chicken, Morphometric differentiation and asessment of function of the fulani and yoruba ecotype indigenous chickens of Nigeria, Indigenous naked neck chicken: A valuable genetic resource for Bangladesh, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 3 (BMP3) Gene Variation in some Livestock Animals, Livestock breeding practices and trait and breed preferences, Association of serum protein levels with egg productivity in Taiwan red-feathered country chickens. Share Get link; Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Email; Other Apps; Reactions: Comments. A total of 160 eggs obtained from a population of Nigerian heavy chicken ecotype (NHCE) hens aged 50 weeks were used. The studies carried out so far suggest that in the countries of Eastern Europe there is awareness of the necessity to maintain for future generations established, native breeds of poultry not only as genetic resources indispensable for further breeding activities, but also as live evidence of the great achievements of many generations of past breeders. 2. Baseline survey was conducted to provide a benchmark for both the on-farm test and post-on farm survey. The chickens were obtained from pedigree mating of Normal feathered, Frizzle feathered and Naked Neck cocks to Normal feathered, Frizzle feathered and Naked Neck hens respectively to produce F1 offspring. Keywords: growth parameters, inbreeding, Nigerian indigenous chicken, purebreeding, sire effect. This was reflected in some of the carcase and meat quality measures. To learn more, view our, Effects of crossbred sires of normal feather Rhode Island Red on different dams of Nigerian indigenous chickens for fertility, hatchability and early growth performance, Egg Production and Growth Performance of Naked Neck and Rhode Island Red Chickens Crosses under Southern Guinea Savanna Condition of Nigeria, Effect of Crossing Fulani Ecotype with Rhode Island Red Chickens on Growth Performance and Reproductive Traits in Southern Guinea Savanna Region of Nigeria, Fertility, Hatchability and Eggs Quality Traits of Nigerian Locally Adapted Chickens in the Derived Savanna Environment of Nigeria, Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates for body weight and egg production at sexual maturity in Hilly×Fayoumi crossbred chickens. Their use varies from region to region and from community to community within a region. Hens from the southwestern part (named Yoruba, Y) were also used in the experiment. A total of 2,100 households were selected from 60 villages located in five states representing different agro-ecological zones: Kebbi (Sudan Savanna), Kwara (Southern Guinea Savanna), Nasarawa (Derived Savanna), Imo (Humid Forest) and Rivers (Forest Lowlands and Mangrove Swamp). Fertility percent, live germs at 18th day and percent hatchability were 76 percent, 75 percent, and 47 percent, respectively. Each household was randomly allocated an average of 30 birds from any one of the six improved chicken breeds (Fulani, FUNAAB Alpha, Kuroiler, Noiler, Sasso and ShikaBrown) tested on-farm. [ ]alsoreportedthevariation of native chicken population of North West … Mean values for egg traits were 40.73g, 20.25g, 4.92mm, 75.53 percent, 13.03g, 14.27mm, 24.68mm and 0.58 for egg weight, albumen weight, albumen height, haugh unit, yolk weight, yolk height, yolk width and yolk index, respectively. This makes the reproduction for replacement as the main focuses of chicken keepers. Molecular genetics is providing the tool box of the 21st century for the modern poultry breeding company. INDIGENOUS CHICKEN FLOCKS OF NASARAWA STATE, NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA: THEIR CHARACTERISTICS, HUSBANDRY AND PRODUCTIVITY . Heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), rectal temperature (RT) and skin temperature on comb (COM), wattle (WAT), breast (BRE) and under wings (WIN) were monitored between 13.00 and 14.00h twice a week for four weeks. The total egg numbers of TRFCC (n=157) were recorded from 25 to 48 weeks of age. Phenotypic characterization of indigenous chicken population in Gwer-West, Benue State, Nigeria E. A. Rotimi1,*, J. O. Egahi2 and A. Lymphoid leukosis (LL)-like lymphoma is a low incidence, yet costly and poorly understood disease of domestic chickens. Indigenous marriage institutions and divorce in Nigeria 166 obtains in one society, to a large extent influences that in another society (3,4). This review work aims at determining the potential usefulness of the Nigerian indigenous ecotype chickens and the effect of the major genes of frizzling and naked neck for poultry production in the tropical humid climate. IVCs provide several ecosystem services and possess adaptation traits resulting in their being able to survive and reproduce with minimal care. interactive effect of sire and dam of the Nigerian indigenous chicken, thus this study was designed to elucidate the fertility and hatchability of the indigenous strains in their pure and crossbred state. The Nigerian indigenous chickens are quite varied in shape, form, size, colour and feathering (Odubote, 1994). In study three, sixty-eight day-old Fulani-ecotype chicks were evaluated for growth performance. Nigerian local chickens (Ige et al., 2013) while homozygouse HBAA was reported for Muscovy ducks (Oguntunji and Ayorinde, 2015) and three varieties of Nigerian indigenous chicken … mance of Nigerian local chicken which consist of normal feathers,frizzle,andNakedneck.Sola-OjoandAyorinde[ ] documented the Fulani ecotype of Nigeria. Format: PDF and MS Word (DOC) pages = 65 ₦ 3,000. The results of the study revealed that, despite no significant (p>0.05) differences in all the studied strains in HDP, HHEP and FPP values, Noiler chicken strain recorded highest HDP, HHEP and FPP numerical values of 6.12±4.85, 6.11±4.94 and 4.33±0.32 respectively. Asian Journal of Poultry Science 4: 164–172. In spite of their importance, information is scarce on their genetic variability and genetic relationships using blood protein markers. Chicks weights were monitored weekly. The role of these ALV-E field, An attempt was made to investigate the responses of broiler to feed the compound feeds of different feed mills located in Bangladesh. Native poultry breeds of East-European countries suffered considerable losses during the Second World War and as a result of the "socialization" of agriculture. 20 2006: pp. of indigenous chicken from the Middle East, Northern and the Horn of Africa. This project aims to increase the poultry production and productivity of poor smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa, especially women, which could serve as a pathway out of poverty. 3. To investigate the concentration differences among the four groups of TRFCC, serum protein levels of each group were analyzed by one-way ANOVA. Two individual ALV subgroup E (ALV-E) field strains, designated AF227 and AF229, were isolated from two different breeder farms. The mean number of eggs set per bird was 13.5±0.19. There has been a research gap in the genetic, physiological, and nutritional aspects of indigenous chickens of Africa over the past decade. The results showed that levels of vitellogenin were positively correlated with total egg number at 24 and at 35 weeks old (p<0.01). protein chip technology and with an insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) immunoassay. Adaptation of Nigerian indigenous chickens (NIC), FUNAAB‐α (F‐α) and Transylvanian naked neck chickens (TNN) raised during hot‐dry season under humid tropical environment was compared during a 4‐week period. For instance, infidelity, infertility, laziness and unhygienic behaviours are some of the major causes of divorce in many societies and women with these attributes are usually returned to their parents. Reduction of feather on the neck and breast and higher heat loss capacity in TNN chickens could help the birds adapt to hot‐humid environment. These indigenous hen eggs are mostly hatched into chicks and sometimes are wasted due to improper care given by the owners. the Nigerian indigenous chicken especially the varieties within the ecotype. The more familiar breeds in South Africa include the Boschveld chicken, Naked Necks, the Ovambo chicken, as well as Potchefstroom Koekoeks and Venda chicken. The present report suggests that Fulani-ecotype chicken has good potential for meat and egg production, therefore selection along these two directions may help to develop indigenous strains of meat type chicken. The genetic effects of sex on body weight and body size parameters were about the same except that the values for female were negative. Crossbreds of INN with exotic chicken can perform even better than that of exotic chicken in respect of productive and reproductive traits. 33, No. In Tanzania, however, Sasso (178) and Kuroiler (122) performed higher than indigenous chicken when the 12 weeks of eggs production was extrapolated isolates in development of and the potential joint impact in conjunction with a Marek’s disease (MD) vaccine (SB-1) were further characterized in chickens of an experimental line and commercial broiler breeders. Political Science Africa S Indigenous. All rights reserved. The effects of the Na allele were similar to or greater than those of the F allele. A. Ibrahim Abstract : The study was carried out to assess the fertility, early and late embryonic mortalities as well as hatchability by strain, season and hen’s weight in Nigerian indigenous chickens reared on deep litter. The present survey has allowed us to summarize information on 56 indigenous breeds, varieties and strains of chickens, 13 of turkeys, four of Japanese quail, three of guinea fowl, nine of ducks and 36 of geese preserved in East-European countries as poultry genetic resources. About 50% of the eggs produced are incubated in order to replace birds that die. Reta [ ] reported Horro, Tepi, and Jarso indigenous chic-kensinEthiopia.Halimaetal. pdf. In study two, 165 eggs were used to evaluate fertility and hatchability traits. Assuming an indigenous hen lays 30 eggs per year, of which 50 percent are consumed and the remainder have a hatchability of 80 percent, then each hen will produce 12 chicks per year. Both polydactyl and ptylopod birds were superior to normal birds in all the measured traits, except for the shank length. The study was undertaken to characterize the indigenous chicken of Belagaum division of Karnataka State, based on some phenotypic traits. There are a very few published papers on the molecular aspects of INN chickens, although this is essential to determine genetic distance or relationship within or between INN chicken and indigenous full-feathered (IFF) varieties (D. nana) for future breeding plans. In their commentary, Pimm and Lawton discuss the use of these algorithms for making conservation choices. The mean number of mature birds and breeding females per household was 7.4±0.22 and 5.4±0.17, respectively, with a male to female ratio of 1:2.5. Several local chickens have been classified into breeds or ecotypes, but many remain unidentified and are facing extinction. Although the correlation between those protein levels and the total egg number was not significant at the time of initial egg production, the selection strategy of those protein levels at later stages of egg production should provide a screening model to improve selection. 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