After 1 month of planting apply 60 kg of “N”. 14: Department of Horticulture, Tirhut College of Agriculture, Rajendra Agricultural University, Dholi-843 121, Bihar. Marketing of Turmeric:- Turmeric can be marketed to local wholesale dealers or cosmetic industries or herbal companies. High Yield Potential of 40-45 Ton per Hectare. Group certification programmes are also available for organized group of producers and processors with similar production systems located in geographical proximity. Health Benefits and Uses of Turmeric:- The following are some of the health benefits of Turmeric. The disease can be controlled by spraying mancozeb 0.2%. 3 Origin. 9. All the ingredients and additives used in processing should be of agriculture origin and certified organic. According to AgriFarming online magazine, a seed rate of 2 500kg of rhizomes is required to plant one hectare of turmeric. Integrated application of coir compost (@ 2.5 t/ha) combined with FYM, biofertilizer (Azospirillum) and half recommended dose of NPK is also recommended. Some of the popular cultivars are Duggirala, Tekurpeta, Sugandham, Amalapuram, Erode local, Alleppey, Moovattupuzha, and Lakadong. Whole or split mother and finger rhizomes are used for planting and well developed healthy and disease free rhizomes are to be selected. This portal has been developed as part of the national level initiative - India Development Gateway (InDG), dedicated for providing information / knowledge and ICT based knowledge products and services in the domain of social development. Pack Size: 50 kg. 4 Area and Distribution. The whole mass is boiled till the fingers become soft. Cost of Weedicide (2 rounds ) Root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) No synthetic chemical fertilizers, pesticides or fungicides are allowed under organic system. Turmeric Cultivation, Planting, Harvesting Guide, Where to buy processed turmeric and planting material:-, Cost of Cultivation of Saffron, Saffron Business Plan, Citronella Farming, Cultivation Practices, Growing Safed Musli, Planting, Farming Guide, Vanilla Farming, Planting, Growing Methods, Thyme Farming, Cultivation Practices, Planting Methods. The cooked fingers are dried in the sun by spreading them in 5-7 cm thick layers on bamboo mats or drying floor. The inspectors appointed by the certification agencies will carry out inspection of the farm operations through records maintained and by periodic site inspections. Agro-Climatic Conditions for Growing Turmeric: Turmeric is a tropical herb and is grown in both tropics and subtropics. Note: Your local Horticulture is a good source for finding suitable solutions for controlling pests and diseases in Turmeric Cultivation. 30% and 50% better water-efficiency as compared to sprinkler irrigation and flood irrigation respectively. The yield from 1 acre turmeric cultivation The Yield of Turmeric. However, by using improved types and adopting good management practices we can get yields up to 18 quintals of dried rhizomes per acre. All crop residues and farm wastes like green loppings, crop residues, grasses, cow dung slurry, poultry droppings etc. Turmeric crop can be grown under both irrigated and rainfed conditions. are of common occurrence in Andhra Pradesh. They feed on sap and when the rhizomes are severely infested, they become shrivelled and desiccated affecting its germination. Black Turmeric Plant care When grown in a mixed cultivation system, it is essential that all the crops in the field are also subjected to organic methods of production. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. Turmeric is grown from rhizomes, which should 40-50g in weight, with 1-2 buds for better production. Mulching may be repeated @ 7.5 t/ha at 45 and 90 days after planting after weeding, application of fertilizers and earthing up. Spraying dimethoate (0.05%) is effective in managing the pest. Some people grow turmeric indoors as well. Turmeric Common Names:- Turmeric, Curcuma, Ukon, Goeratji, Kakoenji, Oendre, Rame, Renet, Temu kuning, Koenjet, Haridra, Haldi, Indian Saffron, Arishina, Kondin, Kunir, Kunyit, Temu kunyit and Tius. For certified organic production, at least 18 months the crop should be under organic management ie only the second crop of turmeric can be sold as organic. 8: Maharashtra Agricultural University, Kasba Digraj -416 305, Maharashtra. Treating the seed rhizomes with mancozeb 0.3% for 30 minutes prior to storage and at the time of sowing prevents the disease. Climate Requirement for Turmeric:- Turmeric is a warm season crop and thrives best in humid climatic conditions. Application of quality neem cake mentioned earlier along with the bioagents Pochonia chlamydosporia will be useful to check the nematode population. Planting of turmeric -10 women labourers @ Rs. Sl. Manual polishing consists of rubbing the dried turmeric fingers on a hard surface. Early maturity varieties can be harvested in seven months. For an attractive product, turmeric powder (mixed with little water) may be sprinkled during the last phase of polishing. Sl. Irrigation for Turmeric Crop:- Frequency of irrigation depends on the soil type (moisture holding capacity) and climatic conditions. Pruning is not necessary, taking dried leaves off will be sufficient. You have entered an incorrect email address! Thanks for sharing. And if you live in Zones 8-11, you can grow it completely outdoors. Turmeric rhizomes should be planted at 1/3 d height of ridge on the broad ridge. On an average a seed rate of 2,500 kg of mother rhizomes is required to plant in 1-hectare land or 2000 kg of finger rhizomes is required to cover 1-hectare land. Average yield is 150 quintal per hectare. It is desirable that organic method of production is followed in the entire farm; but in the case of large extent of area, the transition can be done in a phased manner for which a conversion plan has to be prepared. 5 Species. Prepare the beds with 1-meter width and 30 cm height of convenient length. The spraying of malathion (0.1%) undertaken for the management of shoot borer is sufficient to manage this pest. The pest infestation is more common during the post monsoon period especially in drier regions of the country. Turmeric plant can reach up to 1-meter height and is highly branched with yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes. The cost of rhizome seed varies from place to place along with the method of cultivation adopted. Discard and do not store severely infested rhizomes. Turmeric can be grown in a greenhouse / polyhouse / shade net although they may not achieve the same stature as the plants grown outdoors in hot, humid climates. Farmyard manure (FYM) or compost at 30-40 t/ha is applied by broadcasting and ploughed at the time of preparation of land or as basal dressing by spreading over the beds or in to the pits at the time of planting. 40/- 400.00. Post-Harvesting of Turmeric:- The harvested turmeric rhizomes should be processed some operations before entering into the market. Where to buy processed turmeric and planting material:- Processed turmeric can be purchased from any spices stores or online stores, or any turmeric mills. 2 Uses. Flat-bed method of planting is used under rainfed conditions, Ridges and Furrows are being used under irrigated conditions. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. Preservation of Seed Rhizomes:- Rhizomes for seed purpose should be heaped in the shade of trees or in well-ventilated sheds/rooms and covered with turmeric leaves. I want to put this into practice how can i download this full guide. How to Select Planting Material of Turmeric:- Seed selection is one of the key tasks for best turmeric growth and yield. Type: Natural, Hybrid. of India has taken steps to have indigenous certification system to help small and marginal growers and to issue valid organic certificates through certifying agencies accredited by APEDA. In the case of sliced turmeric, artificial drying has clear advantages in giving a brighter coloured product than sun drying which tends to undergo surface bleaching. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. nos. Further, supplementation of oil cakes like neem cake (2 t/ha), composted coir pith (5 t/ha) and suitable microbial cultures of Azospirillum and phosphate solubilizing bacteria will improve the fertility and yield. Crop grown on this isolation belt cannot be treated as organic. Turmeric belongs to of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. Mulching. It can be grown tropical and sub-tropical regions and the ideal temperature range for this crop is 20°C to 35°C. 5/- per kg . Usually, the turmeric leaves turn dry and yellowish color on maturity. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. The cooked fingers are taken out of the pan by lifting the trough and draining the water into the pan. The leaves also turn yellow. Approximately, 1000kg rhizomes are needed for planting in one acre of land. Documentation of farm activities is must for acquiring certification especially when both conventional and organic crops are raised. The pest infestation is more common during the post monsoon period especially in drier regions of the country. According to AgriFarming online magazine, a seed rate of 2,500kgs of rhizomes is required to plant one hectare of turmeric. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. It may be repeated for a second time after 50 days with the same quantity of green leaves after weeding and application of fertilizers. Make sure to select large sized, plumy & healthy mother rhizomes at least 100 grams in weight should be selected as planting material.. Propagation, Seed Rate and Seed Treatment of Turmeric:- Turmeric is propagated by whole or split mother and finger rhizomes. Turmeric can be grown in diverse tropical conditions from sea level to 1500 m above sea level, at a temperature range of 20-35oC with an annual rainfall of 1500 mm or more, under rainfed or irrigated conditions. Visit Us for Agri machinery video, Agri Market Prices, Agri finance, Agri forum and crop insurance. 50 kg of “P” and 50 kg of “K” should be applied as a basal application. PG Tanzania. It will grow luxuriantly in the shade if not too dense, but it produces larger and better rhizomes in the open ground exposed to the sun. Root lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus spp.) Weeding has to be done thrice at 60, 90 and 120 days after planting depending upon weed intensity. Avoid soils that are more prone to water stagnation and alkalinity. Scientific Name or Botanical Name of Turmeric:- Curcuma longa. The average yield per hectare is 20-25 tonnes of green turmeric. Turmeric helps in relieving common cold, cough, and fever. Turmeric is also polished in power operated drums. 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